Lice are tiny and are insects that do not have wings. They live on the human scalp. They don’t get too big and are just the same size as a sesame seed and sometimes even smaller. Just as mosquitoes, head lice, and nits feed themselves blood. They suck blood from the human scalp.
However, lice cannot fly, unlike the mosquitoes. Hence, they cannot jump from one host to the other like the mosquitoes. They can just crawl from one part of the scalp to the other.
People, mostly children get lice by the head to head contact with others. But they can also get lice by sharing personal commodities such as combs, headband, and even hats.
The female louse lays the eggs, obviously. Their color blends in the hair easily that is why they are difficult to see and pretty hard to remove. They louse lays her eggs near to the root of the hairs.
When these eggs hatch, tiny eggshells are left behind. These eggshells are referred to as nits. These nits often get confused with dandruff and even sand flakes. These nuts can be a prominent indication that there are lice in your hair, and you need to take measures to remove these lice.
Otherwise, you are going to have to deal with immense itching and even pain because these lice that just crawled out of their eggs will need to feed. And they will use your blood as their food.
Nits or lice are the parent’s nightmare. It gets hard for the children that have nits and lice. They become embarrassed and even frustrated. They can find themselves uncomfortable at their schools or even when they are with their friends. But mostly it is the mother who is at her sharp end. It is her responsibility to clear this mess and it the mother who is accommodated with this workload.
When you are trying to be get rid of the lice in your hair or your child’s hair, the job should be done completely. That means getting rid of the nits or the eggshells in also very important. These nits should be identified and removed before they hatch.
Their effective removal will mean that the person affected will not have to suffer any pain or suffering in the future, and it will also mean that the lice will not spread among the family members and friends, and even the pets will be safe if you have any. Hence, it should be made sure that you take care of the job and complete it in the first attempt.
EXTERMINATION OF ADULT LICE
Even if you can get rid of nits beforehand, it will not be of any good to you because the adult lice will still be there to lay some more eggs. Until there area adult lice present on your scalp, there will always be more nit eggs in your hair. These eggs will continue to hatch and grow into adult lice. These lice will continue to lay more eggs, and the process will go on.
To eradicate the lice from your hair, the affected person needs to wash his hair with anti-lice shampoo. You can also consult a professional and use prescribed tonics on your hair if there is a special case of lice in your hair.
In some extreme cases, Prescription-strength lice shampoos are also useful. It has been duly noted that submerging our head under water and trying to drown the lice is not effective. The lice can cling to your hair and scalp and can potentially live underwater for many hours.
Even if you go into a swimming pool where there is chlorinated water, even that won’t be of any help because to kill the lice, chlorine is not much effective.
After the showering part, make yourself comfortable in a place with a sufficient amount of light and cover your shoulders with a towel so that you can catch any falling nits or hair. The net eggs on your head are covered with a substance that is sticky that helps them to be bound to your hair and scalp.
Vinegar can be used to neutralize this sticky substance making them free. Thus, this option is far better for removing nit eggs. Kneel down in front of your bathtub and put your head in it. Make your hair damp with warm water then turn the tap off. Now thoroughly rinse your hair with vinegar making sure that every strand of hair has been dampened with vinegar.
Wash your hair with water to clear out all the vinegar in your hair. Or you can use an alternative method for rinsing your hair with vinegar. You can use a tub and prepare a mixture of half part water and half part vinegar and then soak your hair in that mixture either dipping backward or forwards into the solution that you made.
A NIT COMB
Using a nit comb would be easy and painless. Now try combing the nits out with a nit comb. Use a nit comb that is fine-toothed. Use a metal comb in place of a plastic one if it is available. After using vinegar, an immense number of nit eggs could be rinsed out from your hair but a huge number of nit eggs could still prevail in your scalp.
You can work your way through small sections of your hair along the breadth of the comb and taking your time will eventually lead to the eradication of any remaining nit eggs. Once you have done combing one portion, pin it so that re-infestation can be avoided. Now continue the same process until all of your hair is clean from nit eggs.
After this is done, you may like to wash your hair one last time and also would like to use lice removal shampoo just to be sure. After washing and drying, check your hair for any signs of nit egg or maybe adult lice and if you do start the process all over again until you are free from lice.
Did you know that salt can also be used to get rid of lice? Well, this is one of the most available commodities at home hence an individual won’t spend a lot just to use it. Salt has worked perfectly well by desiccating the lice. This is a simple procedure that must follow when using salt
- Mix equal amounts of salt and vinegar, e.g. a quarter full cup of salt and vinegar
- Rub or spray the scalp using the solution, wear a shower cap and leave it for twelve hours
- Clean the scalp using soap and hair conditioner.
- Repeat the procedure for a period of two to three weeks for best results
Another way of eradicating lice is through using garlic due to its strong fragrance. It works best when it is mixed with lime juice. The procedure is as simple as:
- Grind ten cloves of garlic
- Mix with 100ml of lime juice
- Spray or apply the mixture on the scalp and leave it for an hour for the reaction to take place
- Rinse the scalp using a mild soap and warm water.
- Apply the mixture on a daily basis for a period of one month for the best results.
This one will surprise you; petroleum jelly has also been used successfully as one of the best home remedies for lice. This is mainly because it stifles active lice. This is the right procedure to consider while using petroleum jelly:
- The scalp should be covered in a thick layer of petroleum jelly.
- Cover the head using a clean piece of cloth while going to bed.
- When morning comes, remove the stifled lice by combing the hair thoroughly.
HOME REMEDIES FOR LICE TREATMENT
Most people would say that home remedies are not the best for eradicating lice, well, one secret behind it is patience. These remedies need time and should not be skipped in any way. This will help to suffocate the lice more and even kill their eggs.
Moreover, it is vital to observe cleanliness. Wash the children using warm water and appropriate soap especially after they have come from school or from play and change their clothes.
The clothes should be laundered properly using the best detergents. Even though many people would say that lice do not spread as a result of lack of hygiene, one can get them from sharing combs and head scarf, which should be avoided at all cost.
Many people will feel embarrassed whenever they realize lice on their head. They would panic and even worsen the situation. Well, this is not a big deal; the biggest deal is how to treat the lice.
This is why is always important to beware of such cases and always check your hair or the children’s using a nit comb. According to most doctors, they will recommend over the counter medication such as pediculicides which should be applied on the hair when it is dry, left for some time then rinse the hair using shampoo and clean water.
Well, according to other experts, treatment should start from home and not from an individual. For instance, the beddings and under the bed should be sprayed using an insecticide that not only kills the adult lice but also the eggs. After which, the individuals should now consider taking over the counter medication.
For some families, they will rash into treated only the infected individuals. Well, this is not advisable as every member of the family should be checked if at all others have lice then all of them should be treated.
This is to prevent spreading of lice from one individual to another by treating one and leaving others. After treatment, it is important to inform close friends about lice so that they can also check for them. Failure to do this, then treating only yours will be useless.